According to fuel (electricity, oil, gas), oil-fired gas boiler can be divided into three kinds: electric natural circulation low pressure fired steam boiler, oil-fired steam boiler and gas-fired steam boiler. According to the structure can be divided into vertical steam boilers, horizontal steam boilers, small and medium-sized steam boilers are mostly single, double-return vertical structure, large-scale steam boilers are mostly three-way horizontal structure. The following is the boiler pressure fire shutdown time more than 6 hours, the boiler main steam valve should be closed after a period of pressing fire, opening the superheater outlet header drain valve, to cool the superheater. If the air pressure rises after the main steam valve is closed, it can be used to lower the pressure of the boiler by feeding the water into the boiler and simultaneously discharging the water. Press. When the boiler resumes operation, it needs to go through the pressure rise and protect step 2. There is still steam pressure in the pot during the shutdown period of the pressure fire, so it is still necessary to pay attention to monitoring and make the boiler keep the allowable water level 3, the boiler with cast iron gas saving gas, after the boiler stops feed water, The gas-saving flue baffle shall be closed, the side-hearth baffle opened or used in the circulating pipeline to stop the water temperature in the gas-saving area exceeding the specified value of 4, the proper discharge shall be carried out during the shut-down of the furnace under pressure fire, and the sediment in the furnace shall be excluded. The operation of circulating water pump should not be stopped immediately after the furnace shut down. The circulating water of network should be kept circulating in the system for a period of time, and the water temperature of boiler outlet should be lowered below 50oC. The operation of circulating water pump can not be stopped until the operation of circulating pump is stopped.
The wns series oil and gas boiler produced by ZG boiler is a fast-assembling boiler, which saves time and labor and is easy to operate. ZG boiler can produce this boiler with a capacity of 1-20 tons. Such wns series oil and gas boilers have steam boilers, hot water boilers, and many applications in schools, hotels, swimming pools, packaging plants, food industries and other industries. This kind of wns oil and gas boiler is easy to install, and customers with small footprint can choose the capacity and the number of boilers (install one boiler or two or more boilers) according to their needs.
1: Steam boiler steam pressure the higher the better selection pressure, depending on the user's requirements. Vapor pressure, safety pressure member Advantageously, the energy consumption is low; but the steam will be relatively worse quality, low enthalpy, humidity, may be difficult to meet the disinfection, sterilization, culture, heating and power needs. And the high vapor pressure, energy consumption is high, the corresponding steam equipment, piping and valves the pressure is high, the maintenance requirements are also more, the production of steam, the heat transfer process, a large leakage loss. Meanwhile, high-pressure steam as the steam pressure is increased to carry the increased salinity, so salinity these waterwall tubes, pipe tobacco, and other drum heating surface fouling, overheating, foaming, clogging even increase the possibility of squib. Salt steam to steam turbine flow area will decrease, reducing the efficiency and seriously affect the heat transfer. Thus, fireman must operate in accordance with operation of the steam pressure, the steam pressure fluctuations generally allows a value between 0.05 ~ 0.15MPa.
2: the higher the boiler water level was considered safe water level is higher, the boiler water is not easy, security is also guaranteed. In fact, this is a misconception, the water level is too high, steam and humidity increase, poor steam quality, steam equipment will harm and production results. Industrial boilers, a moisture vapor sterilization or incubation with a large amount of steam also increased salt, or culture for a long time ranging from sterilization, steam consumption increase, ineffective, decreased production culture; weight is not reached the purpose of disinfection or cultured biological products contaminated scrap, even pipes, water hammer occurs apparatus. For utility boilers, steam moisture capacity, the steam turbine last stage blades will be erosion, there may appear Priming pot, water shock severe enough to cause harm equipment and personal safety. Thus, the pot water level should be maintained within a fluctuation range of ± 50mm well.
3: Some people think the better fuel plus fuel plus the more productive the greater the amount of steam. Little do they know too much fuel into the furnace, the effect will be counterproductive. When a certain amount of air and the excess amount of fuel, the furnace will produce a large amount of incomplete combustion, resulting in energy waste. People often see the dark furnace flame, weakness, and black smoke chimney, mostly for this reason. In severe cases, there will be fire pulverized coal, oil furnace secondary combustion occurs, burst pipes until shutdown. Therefore, the ratio of fuel and air volume should be adjusted appropriately, typically by looking at the fire, smoke color look, see table indicates the amount of oxygen determined. When the flame in the furnace as a bright yellow, pale gray smoke chimney to take, stable vapor pressure, wind coal showed appropriate ratio, good combustion.
4: Dial stirring the fire, the better the fire is commonly used in industrial boilers manual method. By stirring the fire, can be eliminated crater, reduction furnace from the fire and the fire bed smooth, homogeneous combustion, strong. But too much stirring the fire, but will reduce the overall thermal efficiency; this is because when stirring the fire, a lot of cold air into the furnace, reducing the average temperature of the furnace section of the flame. At the same time, increase the heat losses, an increase in the number of black smoke chimney, pollution of the environment. In addition, when stirring the fire, the staff is also susceptible to flame radiation, burns, fire-resistant layer is also susceptible to dial hearth fire damaged tools, increased furnace building maintenance workload. Therefore, the fire should be allocated as needed, to minimize the appropriate dial.
5: the bigger the better furnace pressure and furnace pressure is reflected in one of the boiler combustion conditions is normal or not an important parameter. Operating the boiler furnace negative pressure should be maintained between 10 ~ 20Pa, too great a negative pressure results in: increased leakage furnace, heat losses increase; wind increased electrical energy consumption; fly ash increased the wear along the heating surface; reduced the furnace heat of combustion efficiency. Most gas-fired boiler designed to run slightly positive pressure to increase the combustion rate. Operation, the furnace pressure becomes positive, even increasing the wind is still difficult to maintain the chamber negative pressure, said system failure or the wind furnace wall tubes, superheaters and other soft drinks leakage; fire furnace, the furnace pressure is first reflected table violent swing to the negative direction flung head. Therefore, the furnace pressure must be run according to the provisions, or should pinpoint the cause.
6: sewage longer the better spoken here regularly refers only to the sewage discharge rather than continuous blowdown. Periodic sewage mainly refers to the existence of negative bottom of the boiler slag, dirt and corrosion products, reduce furnace tube fouling, prevent clogging and reduce the salt content of the water boiler, heat transfer enhancement effect. One would think that the longer the discharge time, impurities will be discharged bottom of the pot the more, the better sewage, it is not. Sewage long time, a waste of a lot of heat, affect heating steam pressure; two pairs of boiler water circulation unfavorable, water wall tube burst will occur in severe cases. Thus, the sewage must be periodically according to "ground discharge, the discharge less uniform row" principle, provided hand operation. General Provisions at least once every eight hours of sewage, sewage each time shall not exceed 30s, overtime is strictly prohibited.
Currently, the group is still in the process of transformation and upgrading, will gradually realize electronic process control, research in the complex environment of welding technology. Members of the delegation of our company in the integration of the use of digital depth workshop, scientific electronic dispatch enterprise-level human-machine ring material widely used method as well as cloud, big data and the Internet of Things has left a very deep impression. Future, fast side will continue to increase investment in scientific and technological research, efforts to enhance business intelligence production equipment, in order to deepen station machines, welding robots, represented workshop infrastructure. As "Anyang manufacturing", "Henan to create" to contribute their strength.
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